To enhance understanding of Al-Islam in light of a changing world, IMAS is providing the following articles to give an historical perspective of the Muslim African American experience regarding education.
Hakim M. Rashid and Zakiyyah Muhammad The Journal of Negro Education, Vol. 61, No. 2, African Americans and Independent Schools: Status, Attainment, and Issues (Spring, 1992), pp. 178-185.
by Zakiyyah Muhammad
“Faith and Courage to Educate Our Own: Reflections on Islamic Schools in the African American Community”
by Zakiyyah Muhammad; p. 261-279, in
Edited by Joyce E. King
“A Declaration of Intellectual Independence for Human Freedom” by Dr. Joyce King; p. 19-42.
“Islamic Education in America: An Historical Overview with Future Projections” by Zakiyyah Muhammad; p. 87-96.